Bakers, pastry-cooks and confectionery makers

Bakers, pastry-cooks and confectionery makers make various kinds of bread, cakes, and other flour products, as well as handmade chocolate and sugar confectionery.
Tasks include -
(a)  making bread, cakes, biscuits, pastries, pies and other flour products;
(b)  making handmade confectionery from mixtures of sugar, chocolate and other ingredients, using hand tools and some machines;
(c)  combining measured ingredients in bowls of mixing, blending or cooking machinery;
(d)  checking the quality of raw materials to ensure that standards and specifications are met;
(e)  applying glazes, icings or other toppings to baked goods, using spatulas or brushes;
(f)  checking the cleanliness of equipment and operation of premises before production runs to ensure compliance with occupational health and safety regulations;
(g)  monitoring oven temperatures and product appearance to determine baking times;
(h)  coordinating the forming, loading, baking, unloading, de-panning and cooling of batches of  bread, rolls, pastry and confectionery products.
Examples of the occupations classified here:

  • Baker
  • Chocolate maker
  • Confectioner
  • Pastry-cook

Some related occupations classified elsewhere:

  • Cook
  • Bakery products machine operator
  • Bread production machine operator
  • Chocolate production machine operator
ISCO code: 
ISCO skill level: 
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